There have been many legal experts in recent months who have stated that the chevron ecuador judgment is unfair on so many levels. They based their opinion and statement on the fact that there has been a lot of witness discrepancies and charges of fraud associated with this case. The issues related to fraud have involved charges that a witness sold his testimony for one hundred thousand dollars. Although the witness has denied these allegations and charges, there has been proof uncovered that revealed a secret payoff and bank account. The second fraud issue has involved one of the trial lawyers working on the case. It is actually the trial lawyer who has been accused of paying off the above mentioned witness, which included depositing the funds.
Publishers need to have a technical standards base for all the publications produced in specialized formats. While the majority of educational publications are done with the same formats as a typical book, some students require additional criteria in order to be capable of reading the text. As an example, students with visual disabilities may need the printed material in Braille or in oversize print, or may need an audio recording. The government maintains sets these sets of standards through the National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard, otherwise known as NIMAS, which are produced and stored in the National Instructional Materials Access Center, or NIMAC.
The NIMAC is an electronic file base that stores all NIMAS materials needed for publication in different formats, capable of being transferred or downloaded by any authorized user, whether they are school administrator or teacher or student, anywhere in the United States. For nearly a decade, the NIMAC has used NIMAS standards exclusively for their publications. Their protocol uses eXtensible Mark-up Language programming, known as XML, to present or reproduce any educational materials. This allows publishers to transfer text from any printed material into Braille, HTML code, voice programs and audio files, and similar applications.
The end result is that NIMAS programming gives students access to new materials that can give them a better shot and understanding a lesson, but also allowing individuals to become producers of the standardized media if they become authorized. Anyone can become an authorized media producer with NIMAC provided that they produce the special formats of the protocols and distribute them to students. It does not matter which formats are used for publication, so long as they comply with the official standard.
Many times an accessible media producer will register their name and publication with the NIMAC in order to get custom orders from the service. There is no cost to register with the service, making it easy and affordable for any school or any instructor. Once a registration is set up, any text can be downloaded with the XMP programming and turned into a new format. If necessary, the file can be burned over onto a CD or DVD in order to transport it to a new location. There are no rankings set out by the NIMAC to evaluate the media producers that are on their publication lists, meaning that there is no evaluation available for authorized users interested in gaining access to new materials. Given that the files are entirely open and can be modified however an authorized user sees fit, the content of some publications may be more valuable for some students and less valuable for others.
In order to register as a media producer with NIMAS, it is necessary to fill out a form available on the main site. This gives you a temporary registration, but a hard copy of the agreement is needed to send to the center's address. Once the hard copy has been received, a user need only set up their email and password to the account to get access to materials provided by authorized users.
While it is possible for media producers to create agreements with one another (as well as individual school districts or teachers), there are no contracts made available through the center, so that any fees or business relationships must be handled solely by either party. While this results in less quality control, it also gives the opportunity for minimal restriction on the content published. Should it be necessary, changes such as translating content into another language, using new pictures or symbols, or recording a new audio file are all possible.
NIMAS has several conversion tools available to use with their XML programming. Should you be interested in using HTML rather than the XML programming, it is possible to download a .zip file that allows you to transfer it over into the computer language, at which point it can also be transcribed into a number of other, more complex, computer languages. The center releases new versions of their conversion on monthly or yearly basis, with new updates offering features such as MathML cognizance for web browsing, so that a math lesson can be done online. Other fixes, such as adjusting JPG and PNG images, are done periodically. While no version has been released since 2012, the center is capable of updating their software when necessary.
The NIMAC offers the chance for media producers to gain access to educational materials and distribute or modify their content as is necessary. The service is entirely free and, once the forms have been completed, allow a user to get whatever content is necessary directly from the Internet. If you work in a school district (or know someone who does) that is interested in using the standardized texts and lessons, becoming a media producer allows you ready access to a wealth of information.